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Paracetamol (known as acetaminophen in the USA), is a relatively safe and common pain-relieving medicine (analgesics)    that can provide temporary pain relief. 

Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

NSAIDs can help control inflammation and provide temporary pain relief. Some examples of NSAIDs are ibuprofen, diclofenac and aspirin.


Corticosteroids such as prednisolone are anti-inflammatory agents, used to quickly control or reduce inflammation. (anti-: against)

Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs)

DMARDS are immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory agents, used to stop or slow the disease process in inflammatory arthritis.

Conventional DMARDs block the pathways inside the immune system and slows down the immune system response. Commonly used conventional DMARDs include methotrexate, leflunomide, hydroxychloroquine, cyclosporine and sulfasalazine.

Biologic DMARDs are produced by living cells and work on individual immune proteins called cytokines. They provide a targeted response to inflammation rather than blocking the entire immune system response. Some examples of biologic DMARDs are infliximab, rituximab and golimumab.

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